The M1 Carbine was a
light weight alternative to the heavier M1 Garand, yet lacked
the stopping power of the Garand's 30-06 round. It used the .30 short round.
It weighed precisley 5.47 lbs. unloaded, and also came with a folding stock for
American paratroopers. The M1 Carbine held 15 or 30 rounds, well the Garand
only held 8. The M1 Carbine was usually issued to tank crewmen, because of it's
weight and size. The M1 Carbine was the most produced American rifle of the
war, with over 6,000,000 produced. The M1 Carbine was also used partially in
the Korean war, but was and outdated weapon at that time. There was a version
of the M1 Carbine that could be fire automatically, with the addition of a 30 round
magazine, called the M2. During it's lifetime, there were many manufacturers of
the M1 Carbine, such as General Motors, National Postal Meter, Winchester, (which
made the most carbines during World War Two) Rock-Ola Manufacturing, Rochester
Defense Corp, and many many more. A weapon developed for cooks, and unarmed
men in the Army, it was very successful overall as a weapon
Commonly called, "The Rifle That Won The War",
the M1 Garand was the primary rifle for the basic American Infantry man in World
War Two. This rifle was invented by John Garand. He had many different prototypes
during the 1920's and 1930's, and his rifle was officially adopted in 1932. This was
a somewhat reliable rifle, (not the lightest one either) and was criticised to have a
rather large stock, and as being to big for smaller hands. The M1 Garand used the
30-06 cartridge(7.62 X 51mm NATO), which was very powerful, even at long ranges.
The M1 Garand held 8 rounds,and because of it's en-bloc clip design, it could not be
reloaded in the middle of a clip, unless a person used a stick or twig. Another problem
was that in loading the rifle, there was a chance the firer would get his/her finger pinched
between the bolt and the receiver. This was commonly known as an "M1 Thumb." The approximate
weight of the rifle unloaded in 9.5 lbs. General George S. Patton once stated
that it was, "The greatest battle implement ever devised." The M1 Garand could
also be converted into a semi-automatic sniper rifle, known as the M1C/D. The M1
Garand was without a doubt one of the most robust weapons produced in
World War Two. It saw service in the Korean War, and as far as
the Vietnam War During the war, over 5.5 million M1 Garands were
produced. This weapon was mainly produced by Springfield Armory.
The Thompson Sub-Machine gun was first introduced in 1928,
with two hand grips and a muzzle compensator. Later in 1940, it was re-designed
with a horizontal fore-grip, and a slanted vertical hand grip. It used the .45 caliber
pistol cartridge, which had particularly lethal stopping power in close quarters.
It accepted either 20 or 30 round box magazines, or a 50 round drum. The
Thompson was very hard to mass produce and was not at all cheap, costing
over 400 dollars per gun. The Thompson was very reliable and yet was very heavy,
weighing 10.62 Lbs. unloaded. The Thompson's butt stock was also removable.
If some of the American GI's were lucky, they would be carrying this desirable
weapon into battle.
In early World
War Two, the Thompson was America's primary submachine gun. Although the
Thompson was very reliable and very powerful, it was not at all cheap to produce.
One Thompson could cost around $450 to produce. The United States need a cheap
easily produced submachine gun. The United States looked at the British Sten, as it had
everything the U.S. was looking for. The Small Arms Development Branch came up with
the M3. It carried the .45 ACP round in a 30 round box magazine like the Thompson,
and weight 3 lbs. less. But the M3 was much cheaper to produce, costing only $15 per
gun. The M3 looked just like a garage grease gun, and that is were it got the name,
"The Grease Gun". The M3 had skeleton stock that could be pulled in and out. It's
safety was located over the bolt. To fire, you simply opened the cover over the bolt.
The M3 was only capable of automatic fire. A unique but handy feature was that
there was an adapter on a later version that could use the 9mm Parabellum round,
from a Sten or MP-40. About 680,000 M3's were manufactured during the World
War Two period. The M3 Grease Gun was used during the 1991 Gulf War, as a back
up weapon for tank crews and engineers. There were also variants of the M3, such
as the M3A1, which corrected the faults in the later design. Some new features
included a larger ejection port, a stronger cover spring, and a new cocking method
The B.A.R. (or Browning Automatic Rifle) was a Light Machine
Gun (even though it weighed as much as 22 lbs.) designed for the squad
support role. First invented in 1918 by John M. Browning, it was a gas
operated automatic rifle that used the widely known 30-06 round, and held
20 rounds. It had two firing modes, full-automatic, and semi-automatic.
which could be used to fire semi-automatically. When it was first developed,
it could be equipted with a bipod, suitable for trech warfare. In 1922, the
M1922 version was invented, which had a finned barrel, and didn't come
with a bipod, though one could be used. Some of these weapons were
later converted to a model known as the M1918A1. In 1940, the final model
of the BAR, the M1918A2, was produced. This model fired fully automatic only,
but there was a selector switch between "full-automatic" (500-650 rounds a
minute) and "slow-automatic" (300-450 rounds a minute). This model also had
a bipod, and monopod on the stock, and a flash hider. During World War Two,
the easily removable bipod and flash hider were removed often to safe weight,
about 2 pounds, and to improve the BAR's protability. Later, a fiber glass stock
was added (as shown in picture above) to replace the wooden one, and a carrying
hanel was added as well. The BAR's complexity made it very hard to clean, and at
times was subject to jamming, but proved reliable if it was kept clean often. This
weapon was used in World War One, World War Two, Korea, and in limited numbers
during the Vietnam war.
The Springfield rifle was inventend
in 1903, even before the advent of the 30-06 cartridge (again, it was widely used)
and was America's main rifle into World War One, along with the Enfield M1917.
But in World War One, 75% of the American forces used the M1917 Enfield,
while the other 25% would usually be carrying the Springfield. Since it was
invented 3 years before the 30-06 round, it was originally chambered for
the .30 M1900 round. This was a blunt nosed bullet, designed almost like
that of the Krag-Jorgensen rifle cartridge. The earlier models used flip up
back sights that could be elevated. The M1903A3 was first introducted in
1942, with rear sights adjustable for windage, and the hand grip was curved.
The Springfield model M1903A4 was the primary sniper rifle of the U.S.
Army. The most commond scope to be fitted on this rifle was in the range
of a 4x. (That's 4 times magnification.) The Springfield weighed 8.68 lbs.
unloaded, and had a 5 shot internal magazine. The down side to the
Springfield was that if a person of older age was shooting, their eye sight
might not be suited for the sights, this making it much harder to aim accurately.
The M1917 Enfield rifle was invented in 1917.
This rifle very much identical to the British Lee-Enfield. Over 2 million were
produced over the course of the war. It was chambered in .30 caliber, holding
5 rounds. This weapon was carried alongside the Springfield '03 rifle. This was
carried by most American forces in World War One. This weapon also saw service
during World War Two. A total of 2,193,429 M1917's were made.
This Shotgun, also known as the "Trench Gun", was introduced
in 1912. This Model 12 was supplied to American forces in World War One. During
World War Two however, more of these shotguns were ordered than any other
combat shotgun in history. This shotgun was chambered most commonly as a 12
guage, and could hold around 6 shots. There was also a bayonet lug so a bayonet
could be attached. This shotgun also chambered 16, 20 and 28 gauges. During World
War One, 20,000 of these shotguns were purchased for use by the United States Military.
During World War Two however, the United States Military purchased 80,000 of these
weapons, four times more than World War One. Some models, being military or civilian,
had a perforated heat shields on the top of the barrel, and some lacked this feature. During
the Korean war, this shotgun was used to some extent, as was used in the Vietnam War, only
until production of this weapon ended in 1963.
The Browning .30 cal. LMG (Light Machine Gun) was first introduced in 1917,
in a water cooled version, (this version was considered a heave machine gun)
where it was easy to mass produce. There was a learge cylinder around the
barrel which would fill with water from a tank, to cool down the barrel during
firing. Later, a new model, the M1919A4 was introduced. The big difference
is that this lighter version was air-cooled, meaning that it could heat up alot
easier. (about 30 minutes of firing will heat it up pretty good) It doesn't take
much to figure out that again the .30 caliber cartridge is used. (30-06 and .30
caliber are the same) This weapon was feed by a belt that could hold as many
rounds as the belt could hold. This weapon could fire at 500 RPM. (500 rounds
per minute) This weapon was later modified as model M1919A6, which
was almost identical to the A4 except for a stock was added, as well as a
flash compensator. These were added so the weapon could be carried by
one man, and could be used as a aquad support weapon. The A6 was not very
The .50 cal. M2 Machine gun was first invented in 1921. It used a 12.7 X 99 mm
bullet, and was belt fed. (usually a 110-round belt) It was considered a heavy
machine gun (that is any machine gun using a bullet bigger that a 12.7 mm) and
weighed exactly 84.0 Lbs. unloaded. It's rate of fire was 550 rpm.(rounds per
minute) it could be transported by a crew or three and could be set up on a tripod,
or mounted of a vehicle. It's heavy barrel was designed to have "heat resisting"
qualities, for firing for long periods of time. The .50in Browning M2HB could also
be used for anti-aircraft purposes. The "HB" in "M2HB'' stood for "Heavy Barrel" The
M2 machine gun has a very long service record with the United States forces, from
1932, to the present, although it is planned to retire soon. The round that this
machine gun carries is known for it's power, lethality, and range. The 50 caliber
cartridge has a maximum range of over four miles, but is effective at over one mile.
To fire this weapon, the two handles at the back were gripped, and the "V" shaped
trigger at the back was pressed in with one or two thumbs. This weapon can take a belt
from either the left or right side, with a few modifications. The M2 was used on naval ships,
combat support weapons, armored vehicle weaponry, Airforce armarment, anti-aircraft
purposes, and much more.
It has been called the most reliable,
robust, and simply the best automatic (semi-automatic) pistols ever invented.
The Colt .45 automatic pistol was first invented in 1900 by John M. Browning, and
looked quite different. Probably the most noticeable was the longer barrel.
Later in 1903, the Colt pocketauto was invented. Then finally in 1911, the pistol
went into production as the Model 1911. This model was chambered for the .45
caliber round, which was lethal in close quarters. It held a totally of 7 rounds. It
weighed presicely 2.49 Lbs. unloaded. The Colt was so reliable and so
powerful, that it remained in service until the 1980's, when it was replaced by
the Beretta 9mm. Even though it is not the main pistol in use by any army, it
is still carried by some U.S. forces.
The "Bazooka" as it was called, was the primary anti-tank weapon of the United
States in World War Two. There were several verisons, the M1A1, the M9, M9A1,
(as pictured above) the M20A1, and the M20A1B1. It first began service in 1942,
and served into Korea. The M1A1 was the first version, issued in 1942. Then in 1943
came the improved M9. Then next was the M9A1, which could be broken into two
halves for easier carrying, and the the battery ignition was replaced by a trigger magneto.
Then during the Korean War came the M20A1 "Super Bazooka". It had a 89mm warhead,
and could penetrate over 200 mm of armor, and had a range of 150 yards. The M20A1B1
was a similar version, but was made out of alluminum, and had other simplified components.
The specifications for all the versions are as followed:
- Length: 50 in (137 cm)
- Caliber: 60 mm (2.36 in)
- Weight: 15 lb (6.8 kg)
- Warhead: M6A1 shaped charge (3.5 lb, 1.59 kg)
- Maximum: 400 yards
- Effective: 150 yards
- Crew: 2, operator and loader
- Length: 61 in (1,550 mm)
- Caliber: 60 mm (2.36 in)
- Weight: 15.9 lb
- Warhead: M6A3/C shaped charge (3.5 lb)
- Maximum: 400–500 yards (350–450 m)
- Effective: 100 yards
- Crew: 2, operator and loader(M9) or 1, operator+loader(M9A1)
- Length (when assembled for firing): 60 in (1,524 mm)
- Caliber: 89 mm (3.5 in)
- Weight (Unloaded): M20A1: 14 lb (6.4 kg); M20A1B1: 13 lb (5.9 kg)
- Warhead: M28A2 HEAT (9 lb)
- Maximum: 900 yd (823 m)
- Effective (Stationary Target/Moving Target): 300 yd (275 m)/200 yd (185 m)
- Crew: 2, operator and loader)
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